In other areas of Morocco the problem was not very desperate

In other areas of Morocco the problem was not very desperate

Occasionally a vintage kid that have streaming light beard would appear, like specific apparition on Bible-a mendicant holy-man-trudging along and chanting ancient hymns with a missing appearance of beseeching rev­ erie to your his deal with

Inside Meknes, including, another type of mellah was created, allowing the existing one be emptied and you can helping at the very least a temporary nor­ malization from lifestyle. From inside the Fez, this new importance of one’s city gave go up so you’re able to a quantity of activity and therefore tore from the ambiance off stagna­ tion. Within the Tetuan and you will Tangiers, old-depending and you may commendable Jewish groups had maintained the latest way of life regarding common help. Nevertheless extreme conditions that was in fact revealed above was indeed also found in the essential fortunate out of mellahs. TUNISIA

In Tunis, whoever astounding hara sprawled beneath the light domes out of Sidi Mehrez, inside Sousse, during the Sfax plus in Gabes, the same conflict­ ren of roads, a similar insanitary standards, the same e way of life were to rise above the crowd

Right here the challenge was in the same manner such as Morocco. Several quicker information revealed that Tunisia was at certain ways much more blessed: the fresh new structure was always whitewashed, the houses best constructed, the room huge and you will, overall, not too overcrowded. It had been uncommon inside the Tunisia observe beaten planet serve as floor, sleep and dining table. How­ previously, the latest unpaved avenue laden with excrement and you will refuse turned brand new desired shower enclosures for the a good curse into hara. The avenue of your hara, like those of the mellah, hummed with activity: people and craftsmen crouched within stalls offering and you will and work out that which you possible. Within the south Tunisia, it’s possible to observe the unusual civiliza­ tion of one’s troglodytes. A dozen villages, all-in brand new neighbor­

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bonnet out of Matmata, didn’t come with hara, to have right here the fresh new Jews, including the Ber­ bers, stayed in caverns scooped out from the limestone. This new caverns was indeed when it comes to pits, off whoever deepness a stairway lead to grand “rooms” install with regards to the requires of the friends. A big cave in the middle of the newest community served due to the fact a good synagogue. Several other was utilized just like the a stable. Whenever property are no further habitable, the household merely moved into other cave that had been hollowed out by unique groups of specialists. This type of caverns looked tidy and compliment, incomparably a lot better than the latest hovels from Casablanca and you can Tunis. This particular area of Tunisia was the only one on the entire out-of Northern Africa in which property prob­ lems was in fact not familiar. The brand new isle off Djerba is various other unique different. Here the newest grandeur of an oasis was together with the charm out-of an effective Mediterranean angling port. It important Jewish commu­ nity off alongside five thousand souls stayed in two towns a number of miles apart. It absolutely was, one to might state, an effective Jewish community during the a sheer condition, preserving its old way of living and you may heritage almost totally unblemished because of the either Moslem or Eu influ­ ences. The two towns, Hara Kbira and you can Hara Shgira, strike group from the their ambiance out of freshness and cleanliness; here brand new open air will be breathed together with sky try apparent of almost everywhere. There’s quicker agony, and you may what there clearly was was more subtly invisible; the sporadic towels, which appeared to contrast surprisingly to the exceptional attractiveness of brand new isle, was indeed used right here to your dignity that is feature of the high nomads of the southern. ALGERIA

Inside the north Algeria, where you will find none mellah nor hara, the main density of the Jewish society had been into the Tlem­

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